Baltic Dental and Maxillofacial Journal
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September, 2009, Vol. 11, No. 3



Epidemiology of mandibular fractures treated at Kaunas University of Medicine Hospital, Lithuania
Ricardas Kubilius,Tadas Keizeris
73 -76

Use of dental radiography among Lithuanian general dentists
Vytaute Peciuliene, Jurate Rimkuviene, Rasma Maneliene, Saulius Drukteinis

Reaction of crestal bone around implants depending on mucosal tissue thickness. A 1-year prospective clinical study
Tomas Linkevicius, Peteris Apse, Simonas Grybauskas, Algirdas Puisys

Quality of root canal filling performed by undergraduate students of odontology at Kaunas University of Medicine in Lithuania
Eduardas Kelbauskas, Laura Andriukaitiene, Irena Nedzelskiene

The factors effecting satisfaction of dental appearance and self-perceived need for orthodontic treatment in 10-11 and 14-15 year-old Lithuanian schoolchildren
Diana Baubiniene, Antanas Sidlauskas

© 2009 Stomatologija

Stomatologija 2009; 11 (3): 73-76 657 KB

Epidemiology of mandibular fractures treated at Kaunas University of Medicine Hospital, Lithuania

Ricardas Kubilius,Tadas Keizeris


Fractures of the mandible are one of the most common maxillofacial injuries. Because the pattern and incidence of mandibular fractures vary in different countries, there is a need to evaluate aspects of mandibular trauma in Lithuania's population. In this retrospective study hospital files of Oral and maxillofacial surgery unit of Kaunas University of Medicine Hospital were examined. The data that we collected included age, gender, hospitalization time, trauma mechanism, site of fracture, associated injuries, diagnostic and treatment methods. 87.1% of patients were male and they predominated in all age groups with a male to female ratio of 6.8:1. The highest incidence of mandibular fractures in male patients was in the 16-30 year age group and 31-45 year group for females. Interpersonal violence was the main cause of mandibular fractures, followed by falls and road traffic accidents. The incidence of falls in the <16 year age group was higher than expected. The angle was the most common fracture site (34.8%) and 51.7% patients experienced multiple fractures. The mean hospitalization time was 7.34±9.02 days. 55% of patients required Kirschner wire osteosynthesis, open reduction with miniplate osteosynthesis or a combination of both methods.

Key words: mandibular fractures, condyle, interpersonal violence.

Received: 26 06 2009

Accepted for publishing: 28 09 2009

*Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Kaunas University of Medicine, Kaunas, Lithuania

Ricardas Kubilius* – D.D.S.,, professor, Head of Department of Maxillofacial Surgery

Tadas Keizeris* – postgraduate student in medicine

Address correspondence to: Tadas Keizeris, Sviesos str. 20-3, LT-50281, Kaunas, Lithuania.

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